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Article

A comparison of development opportunities for crab and shrimp aquaculture in southwestern Bangladesh, using GIS modelling

Citation
Salam MA, Ross L & Beveridge MCM (2003) A comparison of development opportunities for crab and shrimp aquaculture in southwestern Bangladesh, using GIS modelling. Aquaculture, 220 (1-4), pp. 477-494. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486%2802%2900619-1

Abstract
The present study identifies and quantifies appropriate sites for brackish water aquaculture development in southwestern Bangladesh using remote sensing, GPS and geographical information systems (GIS). A colour composite Landsat TM image from 1996 covering the southwestern part of Bangladesh was used to identify the extent of brackish water and to classify land use. The remotely sensed data were complemented by secondary data digitised from a range of sources, including hard copy maps, to create a spatial database that included environmental and infrastructural data. A series of GIS models were developed in order to identify and prioritise the most suitable areas for brackish water shrimp and crab farming. Using qualitative and quantitative output from the models, the benefits of shrimp and crab farming and alternative land uses in the Khulna region were compared, based on gross production, economic output and employment potential. Comparisons were made of brackish water shrimp and crab culture with moderately saline-tolerant tilapia and prawn culture, freshwater carp culture and traditional rice production systems. Shrimp was identified as the most capital intensive and risky production system. Earnings per hectare were a little higher for shrimp culture than for crab culture. The present study demonstrates the usefulness of GIS as an aquaculture planning tool in a region where natural resources are already under considerable pressure.

Keywords
Modelling; GIS; Aquaculture; Bangladesh; Remote sensing; Crab and shrimp

Journal
Aquaculture: Volume 220, Issue 1-4

StatusPublished
Author(s)Salam, M Abdus; Ross, Lindsay; Beveridge, Malcolm C M
Publication date30/04/2003
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0044-8486
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