Banks I, Alldritt D, Duncan JS, Photos-Jones E, Simpson I, Taylor K & Simpson B (2000) Excavation of an Iron Age and Romano-British enclosure at Woodend Farm, Johnstonebridge, Annandale, 1994 & 1997. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 130, pp. 223-281. http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archiveDS/archiveDownload?t=arch-352-1/dissemination/pdf/vol_130/130_223_281.pdf
Excavations were undertaken at a multi-vallate enclosure onWoodend Farm by GUARD in the late summer of 1994 in advance of the construction of the M6 motorway extension. Geophysical survey and excavation revealed a third bank beyond the two upstanding banks. Within the interior, seven separate blocks of superimposed buildings were observed, together with an eighth, single-phase structure interpreted as an animal pen. Artefacts were few, consisting of worked stones and querns, while the radiocarbon dates indicated occupation substantially in the Romano-British period, although the enclosure was built in the pre-Roman Iron Age. A return was made toWoodend in 1997 during the topsoil operations for the construction work and three further structures were recorded.
Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland: Volume 130