Imsland AK, Jonassen TM, Langston A, Hoare R, Wergeland H, Fitzgerald RD, Mulcahy M & Stefansson SO (2002) The interrelation of growth and disease resistance of different populations of juvenile Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.). Aquaculture, 204 (1-2), pp. 167-177. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486%2801%2900656-1
Growth of juvenile Atlantic halibut from three areas of the North Atlantic (Canada, Iceland and Norway) was studied in an experiment using individual tagged fish reared at 15°C for 85 days. Fish from each population were subsequently split into two groups and acclimatised to either 12°C or 18°C. The fish were then injected intra-peritoneally with a Vibrio anguillarum bacteria suspension and mortality monitored for 4 weeks. Growth rates of the Canadian population ranked lowest, whereas the Norwegian population had the highest mean growth rates (SGR=1.70% day-1, 1.62% day-1 and 1.53% day-1 for the Norwegian, Icelandic and Canadian populations, respectively). The halibut from Norway had the best survival following bacterial challenge (80%, 50% and 55% survival for the Norwegian, Icelandic and Canadian populations, respectively). Mortality was higher at 18°C than at 12°C in the Icelandic (62% at 12°C and 27% at 18°C) and Canadian (56% at 12°C and 32% at 18°C) fish, whereas a smaller difference between temperatures was observed in the Norwegian fish (25% at 12°C and 13% at 18°C). Fish that survived the challenge test were those that had grown fastest in the growth trial. Low, but significant, correlations between survival and size and growth were seen, but these correlations varied between populations. In the Canadian population, no correlation between size and growth and survival were seen; only size was correlated (r=0.27) with survival in the Icelandic population, whereas both size (r=0.18) and growth (r=0.17) were correlated with survival in the Norwegian population.
Aquaculture: Volume 204, Issue 1-2