Citation Smith F, Donaldson J & Pirie E (2010) Pre-registration adult nurses' knowledge of safe transfusion practice: Results of a 12 month follow-up study. Nurse Education in Practice, 10 (2), pp. 101-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2009.04.003
Abstract This research project ascertained student nurses' knowledge retention of safe transfusion practice following a standardised teaching and learning programme (produced by the Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service, United Kingdom (UK)) within a School of Nursing in Scotland, UK.
Several studies including the Serious Hazard of Transfusion (SHOT) annual reports demonstrated that there are risks to the patient in receiving blood components: receiving the wrong blood was the most common risk associated with blood transfusion (Ottewill, 2003 and Serious Hazards of Transfusion Steering Group, 2007).
This evaluative study used a questionnaire to assess the level of knowledge students (n = 118) attained on the day of the session, 4-6 months and 11-12 months following the session.
The study provided an insight into the effectiveness of a standardised teaching approach and highlighted areas for review in light of incorrect answers elicited. Despite all receiving the Standardised Programme, there was a wide range of initial overall scores achieved. The study demonstrated, within the small sample completing at all 3 time points, that there is clear degradation of knowledge during the study period. The influence of experience on knowledge retention appears to have a positive effect at 6 months but no appreciable effect at 12 months.
These outcomes merit further, more robust and multi centre investigation to identify if there is replication of results.