Predicting Use and Maintenance of Use of Substances in Scottish Adolescents



Karatzias A, Power KG & Swanson V (2001) Predicting Use and Maintenance of Use of Substances in Scottish Adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 30 (4), pp. 465-484.

It was aimed firstly to investigate prevalence rates and consumption patterns of smoking, alcohol use, and drug use in a sample of Scottish adolescents, and secondly to study the role of demographic (grade, gender, parental socioeconomic and educational status), school (Quality of School Life (Q.S.L.), school stress), nonschool (well-being) and personality (affectivity, self-esteem, locus of control) factors in predicting use and maintenance of use of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs. For the purposes of the study, a set of measures was distributed to secondary school pupils (n = 425), in the Stirling area of Scotland. Differences and predictive values of these factors were investigated for users versus nonusers and regular versus occasional users for smoking, alcohol, and drugs separately. It was found that having tried smoking or alcohol could be predicted at best from school stress but having tried drugs from peer self-esteem. Maintenance of smoking was predicted at best from Q.S.L. and of drinking from peer self-esteem. None of the factors studied in the present research were found to predict significantly maintenance of drug use. Implications of these findings for decreasing prevalence of substance use are discussed.

Journal of Youth and Adolescence: Volume 30, Issue 4

Publication date31/08/2001

People (1)


Professor Vivien Swanson

Professor Vivien Swanson

Professor, Psychology