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Article

Targeting and stimulation of the zebrafish (Danio rerio) innate immune system with LPS/dsRNA-loaded nanoliposomes

Citation
Ruyra A, Cano-Sarabia M, Garcia-Valtanen P, Yero D, Gibert I, MacKenzie S, Estepa A, Maspoch D & Roher N (2014) Targeting and stimulation of the zebrafish (Danio rerio) innate immune system with LPS/dsRNA-loaded nanoliposomes. Vaccine, 32 (31), pp. 3955-3962. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.05.010

Abstract
Herein we report the use of immunostimulant-loaded nanoliposomes (called NLcliposomes) as a strategy to protect fish against bacterial and/or viral infections. This work entailed developing a method for in vivo tracking of the liposomes administered to adult zebrafish that enables evaluation of their in vivo dynamics and characterisation of their tissue distribution. The NLc liposomes, which co-encapsulate poly(I:C) and LPS, accumulate in immune tissues and in immunologically relevant cells such as macrophages, as has been assessed in trout primary cell cultures. They protect zebrafish against otherwise lethal bacterial (Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1) and viral (Spring Viraemia of Carp Virus) infections regardless of whether they are administered by injection or by immersion, as demonstrated in a series of in vivo infection experiments with adult zebrafish. Importantly, protection was not achieved in fish that had been treated with empty liposomes or with a mixture of the free immunostimulants. Our findings indicate that stimulation of the innate immune system with co-encapsulated immunostimulants in nano-liposomes is a promising strategy to simultaneously improve the levels of protection against bacterial and viral infections in fish.

Keywords
Nanoencapsulation; Liposome; Immunostimulant; Innate immunity; Macrophage; Zebrafish; Infection model

Journal
Vaccine: Volume 32, Issue 31

StatusPublished
Author(s)Ruyra, Angels; Cano-Sarabia, Mary; Garcia-Valtanen, Pablo; Yero, Daniel; Gibert, Isidre; MacKenzie, Simon; Estepa, Amparo; Maspoch, Daniel; Roher, Nerea
Publication date30/06/2014
Date accepted by journal01/05/2014
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/21421
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0264-410X
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