Skip header navigation

University of Stirling

×

Article

Efficacy of ginger-based treatments against infection with Gyrodactylus turnbulli in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata (Peters))

Citation
Levy G, Zilberg D, Paladini G & Fridman S (2015) Efficacy of ginger-based treatments against infection with Gyrodactylus turnbulli in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata (Peters)). Veterinary Parasitology, 209 (3-4), pp. 235-241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.03.002

Abstract
Monogenean infections of commercially farmed fishes are responsible for significant economic losses and existing chemical therapeutants, often stressful to the fish, pose associated risks. As part of a recent trend to move towards the use of alternative, plant-based remedies for commonly occurring aquaculture-related diseases, the efficiency of ginger (Zingiber officinale) was investigated against the monogenean parasite Gyrodactylus turnbulli in the guppy.In vitro trials revealed the clear anti-parasitic effects of ginger. Ethanolic and aqueous extracts, prepared from freeze dried ginger, were tested. An increase in extract concentration was associated with reduced time to parasite immobilisation, with ethanolic extract being more efficient; at 75 and 200 ppt aqueous ginger extract parasites died at 65.6±2.8 and 1.8±0.2min, respectively, whereas at 5 and 40 ppt ethanolic extract parasites died at 26.1±0.7 and 4.9±0.3min, respectively.  Bathing G. turnbulli-infected fish in ethanolic ginger extract (i.e. 5 and 7.5 ppt for 90 and 30 min, respectively) significantly reduced infection prevalence and intensity when compared to the water and ethanol controls. The higher concentration (i.e.7.5 ppt) proved as equally effective as Praziquantel, the conventionally used chemical treatment for gyrodactylosis, with the fish appearing to be completely cleared of the infection in both cases. Oral treatments of G. turnbulli-infected guppies with diets supplemented with 10 and 20% ginger powder proved to be ineffective in decreasing parasite load. These findings demonstrate that immersion in ginger extract offers an effective, alternative treatment against monogenean infection in fish.

Keywords
Gyrodactylid; Monogenea; Natural treatments; Parasite control; Zingiber officinale

Journal
Veterinary Parasitology: Volume 209, Issue 3-4

StatusPublished
Author(s)Levy, Gill; Zilberg, Dina; Paladini, Giuseppe; Fridman, Sophie
Publication date30/04/2015
Publication date online16/03/2015
Date accepted by journal04/03/2015
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/22788
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0304-4017
Scroll back to the top