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Working Paper

Who gained from the introduction of free universal secondary education in England and Wales?

Citation
Hart RA, Moro M & Roberts JE (2015) Who gained from the introduction of free universal secondary education in England and Wales?. Stirling Economics Discussion Paper, 2015-02.

Abstract
This paper investigates the introduction of free universal secondary education in England and Wales in 1944. It focuses on its effects in relation to a prime long-term goal of pre-war Boards of Education. This was to open secondary school education to children of all social backgrounds on equal terms. Adopting a difference-in-difference estimation approach, we do not find any evidence that boys and girls from less well-off home backgrounds displayed improved chances of attending selective secondary schools. Nor, for the most part, did they show increased probabilities of gaining formal school qualifications. One possible exception in this latter respect relates to boys with unskilled fathers.

Keywords
1944 Education Act; free secondary education; family background; school qualifications

JEL codes

  • I21: Analysis of Education
  • I24: Education and Inequality
  • I28: Education: Government Policy

StatusUnpublished
Author(s)Hart, Robert A; Moro, Mirko; Roberts, J Elizabeth
Title of seriesStirling Economics Discussion Paper
Number in series2015-02
Publication date online31/12/2015
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/22616
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