Skip header navigation

University of Stirling

×

Article

Socioeconomic position across the lifecourse & allostatic load: data from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 cohort study

Citation
Robertson T, Popham F & Benzeval M (2014) Socioeconomic position across the lifecourse & allostatic load: data from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 cohort study, BMC Public Health, 14 (1), Art. No.: 184.

Abstract
BACKGROUND: We examined how socioeconomic position (SEP) across the lifecourse (three critical periods, social mobility and accumulated over time) is associated with allostatic load (a measure of cumulative physiological burden). METHODS: Data are from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study, with respondents aged 35 (n = 740), 55 (n = 817) and 75 (n = 483). SEP measures representing childhood, the transition to adulthood and adulthood SEP were used. Allostatic load was produced by summing nine binary biomarker scores (1 = in the highest-risk quartile). Linear regressions were used for each of the lifecourse models; with model fits compared using partial F-tests.  RESULTS: For those aged 35 and 55, higher SEP was associated with lower allostatic load (no association in the 75-year-olds). The accumulation model (more time spent with higher SEP) had the best model fit in those aged 35 (b = -0.50, 95%CI = -0.68, -0.32, P = 0.002) and 55 (b = -0.31, 95%CI = -0.49, -0.12, P < 0.001). However, the relative contributions of each life-stage differed, with adulthood SEP less strongly associated with allostatic load. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term, accumulated higher SEP has been shown to be associated with lower allostatic load (less physiological burden). However, the transition to adulthood may represent a particularly sensitive period for SEP to impact on allostatic load.

Keywords
Epidemiology; Health inequalities; Physiology; Social and Lifecourse Epidemiology; epidemiology; health inequalities; physiology; social and lifecourse epidemiology

Journal
BMC Public Health: Volume 14, Issue 1

StatusPublished
AuthorsRobertson, Tony; Popham, Frank; Benzeval, Michaela
Publication date20/02/2014
Publication date online20/02/2014
Date accepted by journal18/02/2014
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/22732
PublisherBioMed Central
LanguageEnglish
Scroll back to the top