A systematic review of interventions to increase the use of standardized outcome measures by rehabilitation professionals



Colquhoun H, Lamontagne M, Duncan E, Fiander M, Champagne C & Grimshaw J (2017) A systematic review of interventions to increase the use of standardized outcome measures by rehabilitation professionals. Clinical Rehabilitation, 31 (3), pp. 299-309.

Objective: To determine the types and effectiveness of interventions to increase the knowledge about, attitudes towards, and use of standardized outcome measures in rehabilitation professionals.  Data Sources: An electronic search using Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Ergonomics Abstracts, Sports Discus. The search is current to February 2016.  Study Selection: All study designs testing interventions were included as were all provider and patient types. Two reviewers independently conducted a title and abstract review, followed by a full-text review.  Data extraction: Two reviewers independently extracted a priori variables and used consensus for disagreements. Quality assessment was conducted using the Assessment of Quantitative Studies published by the Effective Public Health Practice Group.  Data Synthesis: We identified 11 studies involving at least 1200 providers. Nine of the studies showed improvements in outcome measure use rates but only three of these studies used an experimental or quasi-experimental design. Eight of the studies used an educational approach in the intervention and three used audit and feedback. Poor intervention description and quality of studies limited recommendations.  Conclusions: Increased attention to testing interventions focused on known barriers, matched to behavior change techniques, and with stronger designs is warranted.

Allied health professional; Routine outcome measurement; Use of measures; Occupational therapy; Physical therapy; Physiotherapy; Speech and language therapy

Clinical Rehabilitation: Volume 31, Issue 3

Publication date01/03/2017
Publication date online18/04/2016
Date accepted by journal20/03/2014

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Professor Edward Duncan

Professor Edward Duncan

Professor, NMAHP