Grainger C, Williams D & Lind S (2016) Metacognitive monitoring and control processes in children with autism spectrum disorder: Diminished judgement of confidence accuracy. Consciousness and Cognition, 42, pp. 65-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2016.03.003
Metacognitionconsists of monitoring processes (the ability to accurately represent one’s own mental states) and control processes (the ability to control one’s cognitive processes effectively). Both processes play vital roles in self-regulated learning. However, currently it is unclear whether these processes are impaired in individuals withautismspectrum disorders (ASDs). This study aimed to assess metacognition in thirty-two children with ASD, and 30 IQ-/age-matched neurotypical children, using a judgment of confidence task. It was found that children with ASD showed diminished accuracy in their judgments of confidence, indicatingmetacognitivemonitoring impairments in ASD. Children with ASD also used monitoring to influence control processes significantly less than neurotypical children, despite little evidence of impairments in overall control ability.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD); Metacognition; Metamemory; Self-awareness; Judgments of confidence (JOC)
Consciousness and Cognition: Volume 42
|Publication date online||14/03/2016|
|Date accepted by journal||04/03/2016|