Article

Metacognitive monitoring and control processes in children with autism spectrum disorder: Diminished judgement of confidence accuracy

Citation

Grainger C, Williams D & Lind S (2016) Metacognitive monitoring and control processes in children with autism spectrum disorder: Diminished judgement of confidence accuracy. Consciousness and Cognition, 42, pp. 65-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2016.03.003

Abstract
Metacognitionconsists of monitoring processes (the ability to accurately represent one’s own mental states) and control processes (the ability to control one’s cognitive processes effectively). Both processes play vital roles in self-regulated learning. However, currently it is unclear whether these processes are impaired in individuals withautismspectrum disorders (ASDs). This study aimed to assess metacognition in thirty-two children with ASD, and 30 IQ-/age-matched neurotypical children, using a judgment of confidence task. It was found that children with ASD showed diminished accuracy in their judgments of confidence, indicatingmetacognitivemonitoring impairments in ASD. Children with ASD also used monitoring to influence control processes significantly less than neurotypical children, despite little evidence of impairments in overall control ability.

Keywords
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD); Metacognition; Metamemory; Self-awareness; Judgments of confidence (JOC)

Journal
Consciousness and Cognition: Volume 42

StatusPublished
Publication date31/05/2016
Publication date online14/03/2016
Date accepted by journal04/03/2016
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/23829
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1053-8100