Citation Allen J & Cronin LD (2016) A review of the academic research relevant to future developments of Positive Coaching Scotland. Winning Scotland Foundation. University of Stirling.
Abstract In conducting this literature review a significant volume of research has been examined. Overall the research examined provides evidence to support the three principles of PCS: redefining winner (fostering mastery); filling the emotional tank (developing confidence); honour our sport (fostering respect). However, it the review also points to areas for continued refinement and further development. An overriding finding is that social agents have a significant role to play in shaping the experiences and development of young people in sport. Furthermore, this is achieved through the atmosphere or climate they help to create. As such the main recommendation is that the environment or to use PCS language ‘the culture’ in and around sport continues to be the focus. This ‘culture’ should reflect principles connected with fostering task-involvement, a mastery motivational climate and include autonomy supportive behaviours, whilst minimising controlling strategies. The report contains considerable detail on frameworks and strategies that can be used to further develop this ‘culture’.
Keywords youth sport; coaching; parents; motivational climate; self-esteem; moral development