Increasing Patient Involvement in the Diabetic Foot Pathway: A Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial



McBride E, Hacking B, O'Carroll R, Young M, Jahr J, Borthwick C, Callander A & Berrada Z (2016) Increasing Patient Involvement in the Diabetic Foot Pathway: A Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial. Diabetic Medicine, 33 (11), pp. 1483-1492.

Aims  This pilot study aimed to explore whether the use of an intervention to increase shared decision-making (Decision Navigation) increased decision self-efficacy and foot-treatment adherence in patients with a diabetic foot ulcer.  Methods  Fifty-six patients with a diabetic foot ulcer were randomized to receive Decision Navigation (N= 30) or usual care (N= 26). Primary outcomes included decision self-efficacy, adherence to foot treatment as reported by the participant and adherence to foot treatment as reported by the clinician. Secondary outcomes included foot ulcer healing rate, health-related quality of life, decision conflict and decision regret.  Results  Despite participants rating Decision Navigation as very helpful, mixed analyses of variance revealed no differences in decision self-efficacy or adherence between those receiving Decision Navigation and those receiving usual care. There were no differences between groups with regards to the secondary outcomes, with the exception of decision conflict which increased over time (12 weeks) for those receiving Decision Navigation.  Conclusions  An intervention that facilitated patient involvement in treatment decisions did not have any impact on decisional confidence or adherence to foot treatment. This does not provide support for the suggestion that personalized care can improve health-related outcomes at this progressed stage of the patient's disease trajectory. We suggest that the diabetic foot population may benefit from interventions aimed at increasing motivation to engage with care pathways, centred on challenging personal controllability beliefs.

Diabetic Medicine: Volume 33, Issue 11

Publication date30/11/2016
Publication date online25/05/2016
Date accepted by journal23/05/2016
PublisherWiley-Blackwell for Diabetes UK

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Professor Ronan O'Carroll
Professor Ronan O'Carroll

Professor, Psychology

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