Article

Athlome Project Consortium: a concerted effort to discover genomic and other “omic” markers of athletic performance

Citation

Pitsiladis YP, Tanaka M, Eynon N, Bouchard C, North KN, Williams AG, Collins MR, Moran CN, Britton SL, Fuku N, Ashley EA, Klissouras V, Lucia A, Ahmetov II, de Geus E & Alsayrafi M (2016) Athlome Project Consortium: a concerted effort to discover genomic and other “omic” markers of athletic performance. Physiological Genomics, 48 (3), pp. 183-190. https://doi.org/10.1152/physiolgenomics.00105.2015

Abstract
Despite numerous attempts to discover genetic variants associated with elite athletic performance, injury predisposition, and elite/world-class athletic status, there has been limited progress to date. Past reliance on candidate gene studies predominantly focusing on genotyping a limited number of single nucleotide polymorphisms or the insertion/deletion variants in small, often heterogeneous cohorts (i.e., made up of athletes of quite different sport specialties) have not generated the kind of results that could offer solid opportunities to bridge the gap between basic research in exercise sciences and deliverables in biomedicine. A retrospective view of genetic association studies with complex disease traits indicates that transition to hypothesis-free genome-wide approaches will be more fruitful. In studies of complex disease, it is well recognized that the magnitude of genetic association is often smaller than initially anticipated, and, as such, large sample sizes are required to identify the gene effects robustly. A symposium was held in Athens and on the Greek island of Santorini from 14–17 May 2015 to review the main findings in exercise genetics and genomics and to explore promising trends and possibilities. The symposium also offered a forum for the development of a position stand (the Santorini Declaration). Among the participants, many were involved in ongoing collaborative studies (e.g., ELITE, GAMES, Gene SMART, GENESIS, and POWERGENE). A consensus emerged among participants that it would be advantageous to bring together all current studies and those recently launched into one new large collaborative initiative, which was subsequently named the Athlome Project Consortium.

Keywords
Genetics; Performance

Notes
Athlome Project Consortium also credited as author

Journal
Physiological Genomics: Volume 48, Issue 3

StatusPublished
Publication date31/03/2016
Publication date online31/12/2015
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/23578
PublisherAmerican Physiological Society
ISSN1094-8341
eISSN1531-2267

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