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Article

Emotion regulatory function of parent attention to child pain and associated implications for parental pain control behaviour

Citation
Vervoort T, Trost Z, Sutterlin S, Caes L & Moors A (2014) Emotion regulatory function of parent attention to child pain and associated implications for parental pain control behaviour. Pain, 155 (8), pp. 1453-1463. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2014.04.015

Abstract
We investigated the function of parental attention to child pain in regulating parental distress and pain control behaviour when observing their child performing a painful (cold pressor) task (CPT); we also studied the moderating role of parental state anxiety. Participants were 62 schoolchildren and one of their parents. Parental attention towards or away from child pain (ie, attend to pain vs avoid pain) was experimentally manipulated during a viewing task pairing unfamiliar children's neutral and pain faces. Before and after the viewing task, parental distress regulation was assessed by heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV). In a subsequent phase, parents observed their own child perform a CPT task, allowing assessment of parental pain control behaviour (indexed by latency to stop their child's CPT performance) and parental distress, which was assessed via self-report before and after observation of child CPT performance. Eye tracking during the viewing task and self-reported attention to own child's pain confirmed successful attention manipulation. Further, findings indicated that the effect of attentional strategy on parental emotion regulation (indexed by HR, self-report) and pain control behaviour depended on parents' state anxiety. Specifically, whereas low anxious parents reported more distress and demonstrated more pain control behaviour in the Attend to Pain condition, high anxious parents reported more distress and showed more pain control behaviour in the Avoid Pain condition. This inverse pattern was likewise apparent in physiological distress indices (HR) in response to the initial viewing task. Theoretical/clinical implications and further research directions are discussed.

Keywords
Attention; Children; Emotion regulation; Eye movement; Facial pain expression; Parental protective behaviour; Parents

Journal
Pain: Volume 155, Issue 8

StatusPublished
Author(s)Vervoort, Tine; Trost, Zina; Sutterlin, Stefan; Caes, Line; Moors, Agnes
Publication date31/08/2014
Publication date online21/04/2014
Date accepted by journal14/04/2014
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/23835
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0304-3959
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