Article

The combined effects of diet, environment and genetics on pigmentation in the Giant Tiger Prawn, Penaeus monodon

Details

Citation

Wade NM, Budd A, Irvin S & Glencross B (2015) The combined effects of diet, environment and genetics on pigmentation in the Giant Tiger Prawn, Penaeus monodon. Aquaculture, 449, pp. 78-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.01.023

Abstract
The colour of prawns, particularly the Giant Tiger Prawn Penaeus monodon, is highly desired and fetches premium market prices. Prawn pigmentation is influenced by the interaction of a range of factors, including the amount of dietary carotenoid, the distribution of hypodermal pigments, and genetics. These aspects have been studied in isolation, but there is limited knowledge on how these components interact to influence prawn pigmentation. This study tracked the colour of prawns that had been fed four different levels of dietary astaxanthin (Axn) over 6. weeks, and then transferred to either black or white coloured tanks. The dietary influence on colour was slow and had only developed after 6. weeks. Meanwhile the effect of background colour was rapid, within 15. min. Results showed that diet and background colour work in combination to affect prawn colour. The poorest colour was recorded in prawns fed without dietary Axn and transferred to white substrates, and this colour was improved by the addition of dietary Axn. Animals fed without dietary Axn and exposed to black substrates showed an intermediate colour, and this was further improved by the addition of dietary Axn. The best colour was recorded in prawns fed 100. mg/kg Axn and exposed to black substrates. The abundance of the epithelial pigment protein crustacyanin (CRCN) was not correlated with prawn colour, suggesting that this protein does not regulate the modifications in response to background colour. Finally, the effect of substrate exposure was assessed on farmed prawns, and indicated a small positive effect on colour during harvesting. These data demonstrate that while short term exposure to black substrates can have positive effects on prawn colour, dietary Axn supplementation can both improve pigmentation of animals exposed to black substrates, and prevent the negative effects of exposure to white substrates.

Keywords
Shrimp; Colour; Quantification; Carotenoid; Astaxanthin

Journal
Aquaculture: Volume 449

StatusPublished
Publication date01/12/2015
Publication date online02/02/2015
Date accepted by journal10/01/2015
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/23857
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0044-8486

People (1)

People

Professor Brett Glencross
Professor Brett Glencross

Honorary Professor, Institute of Aquaculture