Article

Effect of dietary saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids in juvenile barramundi Lates calcarifer

Citation

Salini MJ, Turchini GM & Glencross B (2017) Effect of dietary saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids in juvenile barramundi Lates calcarifer. Aquaculture Nutrition, 23 (2), pp. 264-275. https://doi.org/10.1111/anu.12389

Abstract
Barramundi (Lates calcarifer), a catadromous teleost of commercial interest, perform well when fed a wide range of dietary oils. However, the range of alternative oils now being explored is typically rich in saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids (SFA and MUFA). In this study, the response of juvenile barramundi (47.0 g per fish initial weight) fed isolipidic and isoenergetic diets with 82 g kg-1 added oil was tested. The experimental test diets had a 2 : 1 or 1 : 2 ratio of SFA to MUFA (SFA-D and MUFA-D, respectively) compared to a control diet (CTRL-D) fed for 8 weeks. The diets containing mostly olive oil (dietary MUFA-D) and mostly refined palm oil (dietary SFA-D) did not impact the growth performance or feed utilization parameters of the barramundi. The in vivo beta-oxidation activity was consistent with the dietary fatty acid composition, with the most dominant FA being heavily beta-oxidized. Together, the in vivo whole-body mass balance of fatty acids showed that n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) were most efficiently utilized in the SFA-D- and MUFA-D-fed fish. This study provides evidence that additional dietary MUFA and SFA are suitable lipid classes for juvenile barramundi and they are both equally efficient at sparing LC-PUFA from an oxidative fate. 

Keywords
barramundi; fatty acid; metabolism; monounsaturated fatty acids; saturated fatty acids; β-oxidation

Journal
Aquaculture Nutrition: Volume 23, Issue 2

StatusPublished
FundersCommonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organisation
Publication date30/04/2017
Publication date online30/11/2015
Date accepted by journal29/09/2015
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/23821
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
ISSN1353-5773