Article

Cloning and characterization of Lxr and Srebp1, and their potential roles in regulation of LC-PUFA biosynthesis in rabbitfish Siganus canaliculatus

Citation

Zhang Q, You C, Liu F, Zhu W, Wang S, Xie D, Monroig O, Tocher DR & Li Y (2016) Cloning and characterization of Lxr and Srebp1, and their potential roles in regulation of LC-PUFA biosynthesis in rabbitfish Siganus canaliculatus. Lipids, 51 (9), pp. 1051-1063. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11745-016-4176-3

Abstract
Rabbitfish Siganus canaliculatus was the first marine teleost demonstrated to have the ability to biosynthesize C20-22 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) from C18 PUFA precursors, which is generally absent or low in marine teleosts. Thus, understanding the molecular basis of LC-PUFA biosynthesis in rabbitfish will contribute to efforts aimed at optimizing LC-PUFA biosynthesis in teleosts, especially marine species. In the present study, the importance of the transcription factors liver X receptor (Lxr) and sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (Srebp1) in regulation of LC-PUFA biosynthesis in rabbitfish was investigated. First, full-length cDNAs of Lxr and Srebp1 were cloned and characterized. The Lxr mRNA displayed a ubiquitous tissue expression pattern while Srebp1 was highly expressed in eyes, brain and intestine. In rabbitfish primary hepatocytes treated with Lxr agonist T0901317, the expression of Lxr and Srebp1 was activated, accompanied by elevated mRNA levels of Δ4 and Δ6/Δ5 fatty acyl desaturases (Fad), key enzymes of LC-PUFA biosynthesis, as well as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (Pparγ). In addition, Srebp1 displayed higher expression levels in liver of rabbitfish fed a vegetable oil diet or reared at 10 ppt salinity, which were conditions reported to increase the liver expression of Δ4 and Δ6/Δ5 Fad and LC-PUFA biosynthetic ability, than fish fed a fish oil diet or reared at 32 ppt, respectively. These results suggested that Lxr and Srebp1 are involved in regulation of LC-PUFA biosynthesis probably by promoting the expression of two Fads in rabbitfish liver, which, to our knowledge, is the first report in marine teleosts.

Keywords
Elovl; Fad; LC-PUFA biosynthesis; Lxr; Rabbitfish Siganus canaliculatus; Srebp1

Journal
Lipids: Volume 51, Issue 9

StatusPublished
Publication date30/09/2016
Publication date online27/07/2016
Date accepted by journal04/07/2016
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/23996
PublisherSpringer
ISSN0024-4201