Savaresi A (2014) The Emergence of Benefit-sharing Under the Climate Regime. A Preliminary Exploration and Research Agenda. Edinburgh School of Law Research Paper Series, 2014/43. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2524335; https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2524335
This paper analyzes the increasing currency of benefit-sharing in the climate regime and its potential to contribute to engendering greater equity in climate governance. The notion of benefit-sharing has been deployed in international environmental law instruments to equitably and fairly allocate advantages derived from the sustainable use and conservation of natural resources and related traditional knowledge, as well as from the regulation of uses and of conservation of such resources. Though benefit-sharing is not explicitly mentioned in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change or in the Kyoto Protocol, the international climate regime raises a host of equity questions that have been at least in part addressed by making explicit or implicit reference to the notion of benefit-sharing. This paper maps the use of the benefit-sharing notion in the climate regime, with the objective of developing a research agenda towards ascertaining whether there is any overall coherence in the way it has been termed and interpreted, as well as its potential to better integrate human rights and environmental objectives in climate governance. In order to achieve this, the paper first introduces the main equity questions arising in the climate regime at the inter- and the intraState levels, to then analyze them through a benefit-sharing lens. The conclusions articulate a series of research questions for further investigation, as well as a preliminary reflection on the implications of investigating equity in the climate regime from a benefit-sharing perspective.