Article

Athletes’ perceptions of anti-doping sanctions: The ban from sport vs. social, financial and self-imposed sanctions

Citation

Overbye M, Knudsen ML, Pfister G & Elbe A (2015) Athletes’ perceptions of anti-doping sanctions: The ban from sport vs. social, financial and self-imposed sanctions. Sport in Society, 18 (3), pp. 364-384. https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2014.982539

Abstract
Today the main doping deterrence strategy is to ban athletes from sport if caught. This study examines whether Danish elite athletes perceive the ban as a deterrent and how they evaluate social, self-imposed and financial sanctions compared with the ban. Questionnaires were emailed to elite athletes from 40 sports ( 43%). Results showed that 78% of athletes regarded the ban as a deterrent. Older male athletes, however, did so to a lesser degree. Seventy-seven per cent, regardless of gender, age, sport type and previous experience of doping testing, viewed social sanctions as a greater deterrent than the ban. Many also considered self-imposed sanctions (54%) and financial consequences (47%) a greater deterrent. Four per cent considered neither the ban nor the presented alternatives a deterrent. The findings indicate that the ban from sport deters doping. Nevertheless, other deterrents seem to affect athletes more. The findings can be used to address future anti-doping education programmes.N ¼ 645; response rate,

Journal
Sport in Society: Volume 18, Issue 3

StatusPublished
Publication date31/12/2015
Publication date online30/11/2014
Date accepted by journal03/10/2014
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/24363
PublisherTaylor and Francis
ISSN1743-0437