Article

Molecular and functional characterization of a fads2 orthologue in the Amazonian teleost, Arapaima gigas

Citation

Lopes-Marques M, Ozório R, Amaral R, Tocher DR, Monroig O & Costa Castro LF (2017) Molecular and functional characterization of a fads2 orthologue in the Amazonian teleost, Arapaima gigas. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 203, pp. 84-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpb.2016.09.007

Abstract
The Brazilian teleost Arapaima gigas is an iconic species of the Amazon. In recent years a significant effort has been put into the farming of arapaima to mitigate overfishing threats. However, little is known regarding the nutritional requirements of A. gigas in particular those for essential fatty acids including the long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). The ability to biosynthesize LC-PUFA is dependent upon the gene repertoire of fatty acyl desaturases (Fads) and elongases (Elovl), as well as their fatty acid specificities. In the present study we characterized both molecularly and functionally an orthologue of the desaturase fatty acid desaturase 2 (fads2) from A. gigas. The isolated sequence displayed the typical desaturase features, a cytochrome b5-domain with the heme-binding motif, two transmembrane domains and three histidine-rich regions. Functional characterization of A. gigas fads2 showed that, similar to other teleosts, the A. gigas fads2 exhibited a predominant Δ6 activity complemented with some capacity for Δ8 desaturation. Given that A. gigas belongs to one of the oldest teleostei lineages, the Osteoglossomorpha, these findings offer a significant insight into the evolution LC-PUFA biosynthesis in teleosts.

Keywords
Arapaima gigas; Fatty acid desaturase (Fads); Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs); teleosts, evolution

Journal
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology: Volume 203

StatusPublished
Publication date31/01/2017
Publication date online29/09/2016
Date accepted by journal27/09/2016
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/24207
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1096-4959