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Article

Relations between Child Poverty and New Migrant Child Status, Academic Attainment and Social Participation: Insights Using Social Capital Theory

Citation
Forbes J & Sime D (2016) Relations between Child Poverty and New Migrant Child Status, Academic Attainment and Social Participation: Insights Using Social Capital Theory. Education Sciences, 6 (3), Art. No.: 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci6030024

Abstract
Currently, around one in five children in the United Kingdom and the United States live in poverty. This has a devastating effect on their wellbeing, education and broader socio-political participation, and life chances. In this paper, Scottish policy documentary data are used to discuss the effects of relations amongst categories of children in poverty, migrant child status, and academic under-attainment. The study draws on social capital and intersectionalities theory to explore some of the power and knowledge relations that are effects of policy statements. The paper concludes by suggesting that addressing the issues of poverty and educational under-attainment, including for migrant children, requires a policy strategy beyond education. Disconnections across social, cultural, and economic child policy need to be redesigned in order to change the very real socio-economic-cultural-political relations which policy produces; these relations can lead to either high levels of social participation and potential academic attainment of new arrival children or to their social exclusion. Accordingly, knowledge practices aiming to improve the socio-economic-cultural-political inclusion of migrant children make central the conditions and experiences constitutive of new migrants’ lived social lives.

Keywords
poverty; migrant children; social and multiple capitals; intersectionalities; relational space

Journal
Education Sciences: Volume 6, Issue 3

StatusPublished
Author(s)Forbes, Joan; Sime, Daniela
Publication date31/08/2016
Publication date online31/08/2016
Date accepted by journal21/07/2016
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/24211
PublisherMDPI
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