Skip header navigation
×

Article

Elements of person knowledge: Episodic recollection helps us to identify people but not to recognize their faces

Citation
MacKenzie G & Donaldson D (2016) Elements of person knowledge: Episodic recollection helps us to identify people but not to recognize their faces. Neuropsychologia, 93 (Part A), pp. 218-228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.11.001

Abstract
Faces automatically draw attention, allowing rapid assessments of personality and likely behaviour. How we respond to people is, however, highly dependent on whether we know who they are. According to face processing models person knowledge comes from an extended neural system that includes structures linked to episodic memory. Here we use scalp recorded brain signals to demonstrate the specific role of episodic memory processes during face processing. In two experiments we recorded Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) while participants made identify, familiar or unknown responses to famous faces. ERPs revealed neural signals previously associated with episodic recollection for identify but not familiar faces. These findings provide novel evidence suggesting that recollection is central to face processing, providing one source of person knowledge that can be used to moderate the initial impressions gleaned from the core neural system that supports face recognition.

Keywords
Person identification; face recognition; episodic memory; recollection

Journal
Neuropsychologia: Volume 93, Issue Part A

StatusPublished
Author(s)MacKenzie, Graham; Donaldson, David
FundersBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Publication date31/12/2016
Publication date online02/11/2016
Date accepted by journal01/11/2016
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/24565
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0028-3932
Scroll back to the top