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Article

Crystallographic contribution to the vital effect in biogenic carbonates Mg/Ca thermometry

Citation
Perez-Huerta A, Cusack M & Dalbeck P (2011) Crystallographic contribution to the vital effect in biogenic carbonates Mg/Ca thermometry. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 102 (1), pp. 35-41. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1755691011010036

Abstract
The processes involved in vital effects, defined as biological processes overriding environmental signals, are not well understood and this hampers the interpretation of environmental parameters such as seawater temperature. Insufficient knowledge is available about changes in physico-chemical parameters, in particular those related to crystallography, associated with biomineral formation and emplacement. This paper assesses the influence of crystallography on Mg2+ concentration and distribution in calcite biominerals of bivalved marine organisms, mussels and rhynchonelliform brachiopods, and considers the implications for Mg/Ca thermometry. In the mussel Mytilus edulis, changes in Mg2+ are not associated with crystallography; but in the brachiopod Terebratulina retusa, increases in Mg2+ concentrations (∼0.5-0.6 wt.%) are associated with the {0001} planes of calcite biominerals. A comparison between mussels and brachiopods with avian eggshells, which form at constant ambient temperature, also reveals that there is at least a common 0.1 wt. % variation in magnesium concentration in these calcite biomineral systems unrelated to temperature or crystallography. Results demonstrate that the integration of contextual crystallographic, biological and chemical information may be important to extract accurate environmental information from biominerals. Copyright © 2011 Royal Society of Edinburgh.

Keywords
Brachiopod; calcite; c-axis; magnesium; mussel; sector zoning;

Journal
Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Volume 102, Issue 1

StatusPublished
Author(s)Perez-Huerta, Alberto; Cusack, Maggie; Dalbeck, Paul
Publication date31/03/2011
Publication date online01/03/2011
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/25056
PublisherCambridge University Press for Royal Society of Edinburgh
ISSN1755-6910
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