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Article

Identification and composition of secondary meniscus calcite in fossil coral and the effect on predicted sea surface temperature

Citation
Dalbeck P, Cusack M, Dobson PS, Allison N, Fallick AE & Tudhope AW (2011) Identification and composition of secondary meniscus calcite in fossil coral and the effect on predicted sea surface temperature. Chemical Geology, 280 (3-4), pp. 314-322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2010.11.018

Abstract
This study uses electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) to identify secondary calcite in coral skeletons. Secondary calcite appears to have nucleated on the original aragonite dissepiments, producing horizontal structures that mimic the morphology of the original coral aragonite, forming dissepiment-like meniscus structures. The Sr/Ca and δ18O of the pristine aragonite and secondary calcite were analysed by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). The effect of calcite inclusion on the mean geochemistry of the coral carbonate and subsequent sea surface temperature (SST) calculations were determined for both Sr/Ca and δ18O. Inclusion of as little as 1% secondary calcite within the primary coral aragonite elevates the Sr/Ca-derived SST by 1.2°C and could markedly offset estimates of past tropical climate. Conversely, inclusion of 10% secondary calcite has little effect on the SST estimated from δ18O (+0.6°C) indicating that this proxy is relatively robust to even large amounts of calcite. The different extents to which the two proxies would be influenced by inadvertent inclusion of such meniscus calcite demonstrate the importance of a multi-proxy approach. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords
Meniscus calcite; coral; diagenesis; Sr/Ca ratio; EBSC; AFM; biomineral;

Notes
Additional listed co-author: EIMF - Edinburgh Ion Microprobe Facility

Journal
Chemical Geology: Volume 280, Issue 3-4

StatusPublished
Author(s)Dalbeck, Paul; Cusack, Maggie; Dobson, Phil S; Allison, Nicola; Fallick, Anthony E; Tudhope, Alexander W
Publication date24/01/2011
Publication date online29/11/2010
Date accepted by journal11/11/2010
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/25087
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0009-2541
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