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Article

Pre-hospital identification and post-recovery challenges of intoxication with synthetic cannabinoid containing legal high products such as 'Exodus Damnation'

Citation
Fitzpatrick D, O'Meara P & Cunningham A (2016) Pre-hospital identification and post-recovery challenges of intoxication with synthetic cannabinoid containing legal high products such as 'Exodus Damnation'. Scottish Medical Journal, 61 (4), pp. 192-194. https://doi.org/10.1177/0036933016659177

Abstract
This short report describes the case of a young adult male who had smoked a synthetic cannabinoid legal high product called ‘Exodus Damnation’. The patient’s presentation was atypical from that described in the literature, with hypotension and hypoxaemia. Of note was the rapid recovery after pre-hospital intervention with high-flow oxygen therapy and intravenous fluids. The patient refused on-going care, despite repeated advice to attend the Emergency Department. The distinct lack of specialist support and referral to drug treatment for this patient population, with whom ambulance services are coming into contact with increasing frequency, is reported. For those patients with the capacity to refuse on-going care, ambulance services may be in an opportune position to actively promote referral to support services for these vulnerable individuals.

Keywords
Legal high; new psychoactive substances; Exodus Damnation; synthetic cannabinoid; 5F-AKB48 and 5F-PB22

Journal
Scottish Medical Journal: Volume 61, Issue 4

StatusPublished
Author(s)Fitzpatrick, David; O'Meara, Patrick; Cunningham, Andrew
Publication date30/11/2016
Publication date online29/09/2016
Date accepted by journal29/09/2016
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/24949
PublisherSAGE
ISSN0036-9330
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