Citation Shalaby MA, El-Deeb A, El-Tholoth M, Hoffmann D, Czerny C, Hufert FT, Weidmann M & El Wahed AA (2016) Recombinase polymerase amplification assay for rapid detection of lumpy skin disease virus. BMC Veterinary Research, 12 (1), Art. No.: 244. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-016-0875-5
Lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) is aCapripoxvirusinfecting cattle and Buffalos. Lumpy skin disease (LSD) leads to significant economic losses due to hide damage, reduction of milk production, mastitis, infertility and mortalities (10 %). Early detection of the virus is crucial to start appropriate outbreak control measures. Veterinarians rely on the presence of the characteristic clinical signs of LSD. Laboratory diagnostics including virus isolation, sequencing and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are performed at well-equipped laboratories. In this study, a portable, simple, and rapid recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) assay for the detection of LSDV-genome for the use on farms was developed.
The LSDV RPA assay was performed at 42 °C and detected down to 179 DNA copies/reaction in a maximum of 15 min. Unspecific amplification was observed with neither LSDV-negative samples (n= 12) nor nucleic acid preparations from orf virus, bovine papular stomatitis virus, cowpoxvirus, Peste des petits ruminants and Blue tongue virus (serotypes 1, 6 and 8). The clinical sensitivity of the LSDV RPA assay matched 100 % (n= 22) to real-time PCR results. In addition, the LSDV RPA assay detected sheep and goat poxviruses.
The LSDV RPA assay is a rapid and sensitive test that could be implemented in field or at quarantine stations for the identification of LSDV infected case.
Keywords Lumpy skin disease virus; Recombinase polymerase amplification assay; Point of need test; Cattle