Article

Functional characterization and differential nutritional regulation of putative Elovl5 and Elovl4 elongases in large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea)

Citation

Li S, Monroig O, Wang T, Yuan Y, Navarro JC, Hontoria F, Liao K, Tocher DR, Mai K, Xu W & Ai Q (2017) Functional characterization and differential nutritional regulation of putative Elovl5 and Elovl4 elongases in large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea). Scientific Reports, 7, Art. No.: 2303. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-02646-8

Abstract
In the present study, two elongases, Elovl4 and Elovl5, were functionally characterized and their transcriptional regulation in response to n-3 LC-PUFA administration were investigated in vivo and in vitro. We previously described the molecular characterization of croaker elovl5. Here, we report the full- length cDNA sequence of croaker elovl4, which contained 1794 bp (excluding the polyA tail), including 909 bp of coding region that encoded a polypeptide of 302 amino acids possessing all the characteristic features of Elovl proteins. Functional studies showed that croaker Elovl5, displayed high elongation activity towards C18 and C20 PUFA, with only low activity towards C22 PUFA. In contrast, croaker Elovl4 could e ectively convert both C20 and C22 PUFA to longer polyenoic products up to C34. n-3 LC-PUFA suppressed transcription of the two elongase genes, as well as srebp-1 and lxrα, major regulators of hepatic lipid metabolism. The results of dual-luciferase reporter assays and in vitro studies both indicated that the transcriptions of elovl5 and elovl4 elongases could be regulated by Lxrα. Moreover, Lxrα could mediate the transcription of elovl4 directly or indirectly through regulating the transcription of srebp-1. The above ndings contribute further insight and understanding of the mechanisms regulating LC-PUFA biosynthesis in marine sh species.

Keywords
aquaculture; elongation of very long-chain fatty acid protein; large yellow croaker; biosynthesis

Journal
Scientific Reports: Volume 7

StatusPublished
Publication date23/05/2017
Publication date online23/05/2017
Date accepted by journal13/04/2017
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/25391
PublisherSpringer Nature
eISSN2045-2322