The Effects of Poverty Reduction Strategies on Artisanal Fishing in Ghana: The Case of Keta Municipality
Dzidza PM, Jackson I, Normanyo AK & Walsh M (2017) The Effects of Poverty Reduction Strategies on Artisanal Fishing in Ghana: The Case of Keta Municipality. Journal of Sustainable Development, 10 (3), pp. 68-80. https://doi.org/10.5539/jsd.v10n3p68
This paper assesses the level of poverty in Ghana after three decades of successive implementation of numerous poverty reduction strategies including Structural Adjustment Program (SAP) by various governments of Ghana. The Keta municipality in the Volta region, where artisanal fishing thrives, was chosen as a representative sample of the whole country. The authors identified eleven artisanal fishing communities in the selected area using systematic sampling. Data were collected on household consumption patterns. This process was used to determine the profile of poverty using the latest upper poverty line of Ghana and the Greer and Thorbecke (1984) poverty formula. Research findings show that the various poverty alleviation methods implemented over three decades by the Government of Ghana, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) significantly failed as they have not produced any meaningful effect on poverty reduction in the sample area. Finally, this paper offers further suggestions regarding how this poverty gap may be bridged using alternative methods.
poverty; poverty reduction and fishing communities
Journal of Sustainable Development: Volume 10, Issue 3
|Publication date online||31/05/2017|
|Date accepted by journal||22/03/2017|
|Publisher||Canadian Center of Science and Education|