Article

The Arctic Oscillation predicts effects of climate change in two trophic levels in a high-arctic ecosystem

Details

Citation

Aanes R, Saether B, Smith FM, Cooper EJ, Wookey P & Oritsland NA (2002) The Arctic Oscillation predicts effects of climate change in two trophic levels in a high-arctic ecosystem. Ecology Letters, 5 (3), pp. 445-453. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-0248.2002.00340.x

Abstract
During recent decades there has been a change in the circulation of atmospheric pressure throughout the Northern Hemisphere. These variations are expressed in the recently described Arctic Oscillation (AO), which has shown an upward trend (associated with winter warming in the eastern Arctic) during the last three decades. We analysed a 12-year time series on growth of Cassiope tetragona (Lapland Cassiope) and a 21-year time series on abundance of a Svalbard reindeer population. High values of the AO index were associated with reduced plant growth and reindeer population growth rate. The North Atlantic Oscillation index was not able to explain a significant proportion of the variance in either plant growth or reindeer population fluctuations. Thus, the AO index may be a better predictor for ecosystem effects of climate change in certain high-arctic areas compared to the NAO index.

Keywords
Arctic oscillation; Cassiope tetragona; climate change; plant-herbivore interactions; Svalbard reindeer;

Journal
Ecology Letters: Volume 5, Issue 3

StatusPublished
Publication date31/05/2002
Publication date online17/05/2002
Date accepted by journal26/02/2002
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/28156
PublisherWiley
ISSN1461-023X

People (1)

People

Professor Philip Wookey
Professor Philip Wookey

Professor, Biological and Environmental Sciences