Skip header navigation

University of Stirling

×

Article

Optimizing initial feeding of the Pike silverside Chirostoma estor: oil droplet depletion, point of no return, growth and fatty acid utilization in larvae fed enriched rotifers

Citation
Rios-Duran MG, Navarrete-Ramirez P, Fonseca-Madrigal J, Mendez-Ortiz E, Palacios E, Racotta IS, Martinez-Chavez CC, Ross L & Martinez-Palacios CA (2016) Optimizing initial feeding of the Pike silverside Chirostoma estor: oil droplet depletion, point of no return, growth and fatty acid utilization in larvae fed enriched rotifers. Aquaculture Nutrition, 22 (3), pp. 517-526. https://doi.org/10.1111/anu.12272

Abstract
The point of no return (PNR) and disappearance of the oil droplet were measured in Chirostoma estor larvae as a function of the time of first feeding. In a separate trial, growth and survival of larvae fed rotifers enriched with Chlorella sp., cod liver oil and corn oil were assessed. Fatty acid and lipid composition of eggs, oil droplets, egg yolk, feed and larvae were also evaluated. The PNR was found between 7 and 8 days posthatching (dph). Total oil droplet depletion occurred between 7 and 11 dph, depending on the time of first feeding. Best growth and survival were obtained in larvae fed with Chlorella-enriched rotifers, followed by those fed cod liver oil-enriched rotifers. In larvae fed corn oil, Chlorella and cod liver oil-enriched rotifers, total oil droplet depletion took place on days 9, 10 and 11, respectively. There was a direct relationship between presence and duration of oil droplets and the survival of larvae under different starvation conditions. The feed source could prolong the existence of the oil droplet depending on particular dietary supply of essential fatty acids; the time of its disappearance could be a useful indicator of larval vigour and health status.

Keywords
egg and larvae; fatty acids; first feeding; oil droplet; Pike silverside; point of no return

Journal
Aquaculture Nutrition: Volume 22, Issue 3

StatusPublished
Author(s)Rios-Duran, Maria Gisela; Navarrete-Ramirez, Pamela; Fonseca-Madrigal, Jorge; Mendez-Ortiz, E; Palacios, Erwin; Racotta, Ilie S; Martinez-Chavez, Carlos Christian; Ross, Lindsay; Martinez-Palacios, Carlos A
Publication date30/06/2016
Publication date online22/12/2014
Date accepted by journal27/10/2014
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
ISSN1353-5773
Scroll back to the top