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Article

Understanding and Measuring the Wellbeing of Carers of People with Dementia

Citation
Cunningham N, Cunningham TR & Robertson J (2019) Understanding and Measuring the Wellbeing of Carers of People with Dementia. Gerontologist, 59 (5), pp. e552-e564. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gny018

Abstract
Background and Objectives  To determine how the wellbeing of carers of people with dementia is understood and measured in contemporary health research.  Research Design and Methods  A systematic review of reviews was designed, registered with PROSPERO, and then conducted. This focused on systematic reviews of research literature published from 2010 onwards; with the wellbeing of carers of people with dementia being a primary focus. N = 19 studies met the inclusion criteria. Quality appraisal was conducted using the AMSTAR tool (2015). A narrative synthesis was conducted to explore how wellbeing is currently being understood and measured.  Results  Contemporary health research most frequently conceptualizes wellbeing in the context of a loss–deficit model. Current healthcare research has not kept pace with wider discussions surrounding wellbeing which have become both more complex and more sophisticated. Relying on the loss–deficit model limits current research in understanding and measuring the lived experience of carers of people with dementia. There remains need for a clear and consistent measurement of wellbeing.  Discussion and Implications  Without clear consensus, health professionals must be careful when using the term “wellbeing”. To help inform healthcare policy and practice, we offer a starting point for a richer concept of wellbeing in the context of dementia that is multi-faceted to include positive dimensions of caregiving in addition to recognized aspects of burden. Standardized and robust measurements are needed to enhance research and there may be benefit from developing a more mixed, blended approach to measurement.

Keywords
Enriching caring; Social gerontology; Wellbeing

Journal
Gerontologist: Volume 59, Issue 5

StatusPublished
Author(s)Cunningham, Nicola; Cunningham, Tom R; Robertson, Jane
Publication date31/10/2019
Publication date online16/03/2018
Date accepted by journal05/02/2018
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/26863
PublisherOxford University Press
ISSN0016-9013
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