Article

The effect of taurine supplementation to a plant‐based diet for barramundi (Lates calcarifer) with varying methionine content

Citation

Poppi D, Moore S & Glencross B (2018) The effect of taurine supplementation to a plant‐based diet for barramundi (Lates calcarifer) with varying methionine content. Aquaculture Nutrition, 24 (4), pp. 1340-1350. https://doi.org/10.1111/anu.12671

Abstract
The effect of variable taurine inclusion (Tau) (1 g/kg DM to 15 g/kg DM) in the diet of juvenile barramundi (Lates calcarifer) on growth and nutrient utilization was investigated at three levels of dietary methionine (Met) supplementation. Diets were fed to juvenile barramundi (starting weight: 26.8 g) twice daily under a restricted pair‐fed regime for a period of 42 days. No significant effect of dietary Tau supply on growth or nutrient utilization was observed at any level of Met inclusion. Numerical variations suggested a positive effect of Tau provision at the mid‐level of supplementation (6–8 g/kg DM). The best‐fit response model (5‐SKM), fitted to the percentage body weight gain data of fish fed diets with an adequate level of Met, suggested a relatively weak pattern of response (R2 = 0.183) and predicted a Tau requirement of 5.47 g/kg DM (9.64 g/kg CP) similar to that reported for several other species. It was concluded that taurine appears to be conditionally essential to barramundi, whereby provision in the diet when sulphur amino acid supply is insufficient to meet biosynthetic demands may be beneficial, but that the predicted requirement is likely reasonably accurate for use as a minimum level of inclusion.

Keywords
barramundi; methionine; nutrient requirement; restricted pair‐feeding; taurine; total sulphur amino acids

Journal
Aquaculture Nutrition: Volume 24, Issue 4

StatusPublished
Publication date01/08/2018
Publication date online27/02/2018
Date accepted by journal01/02/2018
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/26886
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
ISSN1353-5773