Establishing an infrastructure for collaboration in primate cognition research



Altschul DM, Beran MJ, Bohn M, Call J, DeTroy S, Duguid SJ, Egelkamp CL, Fichtel C, Fischer J, Flessert M, Hanus D, Haun DBM, Haux LM, Hernandez-Aguilar RA & Sanchez-Amaro A (2019) Establishing an infrastructure for collaboration in primate cognition research. PLoS One, 14 (10), Art. No.: e0223675.

Inferring the evolutionary history of cognitive abilities requires large and diverse samples. However, such samples are often beyond the reach of individual researchers or institutions, and studies are often limited to small numbers of species. Consequently, methodological and site-specific-differences across studies can limit comparisons between species. Here we introduce the ManyPrimates project, which addresses these challenges by providing a large-scale collaborative framework for comparative studies in primate cognition. To demonstrate the viability of the project we conducted a case study of short-term memory. In this initial study, we were able to include 176 individuals from 12 primate species housed at 11 sites across Africa, Asia, North America and Europe. All subjects were tested in a delayed-response task using consistent methodology across sites. Individuals could access food rewards by remembering the position of the hidden reward after a 0, 15, or 30-second delay. Overall, individuals performed better with shorter delays, as predicted by previous studies. Phylogenetic analysis revealed a strong phylogenetic signal for short-term memory. Although, with only 12 species, the validity of this analysis is limited, our initial results demonstrate the feasibility of a large, collaborative open-science project. We present the ManyPrimates project as an exciting opportunity to address open questions in primate cognition and behaviour with large, diverse datasets.

Additional Authors: Esther Herrmann, Lydia M. Hopper, Marine Joly, Fumihiro Kano, Stefanie Keupp, Alicia P. Melis, Alba Motes Rodrigo, Stephen R. Ross, Yutaro Sato, Vanessa Schmitt, Manon K. Schweinfurth, Amanda M. Seed, Derry Taylor, Christoph J. Völter, Elizabeth Warren, Julia Watzek

PLoS One: Volume 14, Issue 10

Publication date31/10/2019
Publication date online31/10/2019
Date accepted by journal25/09/2019
PublisherPublic Library of Science

People (1)


Dr Alejandro Sanchez Amaro

Dr Alejandro Sanchez Amaro

Lecturer in Psychology, Psychology