Matallana-Surget S, Augustin G, Werner J & Wattiez R (2023) Towards the discovery of novel molecular clocks in Prokaryotes. Critical Reviews in Microbiology. https://doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2023.2220789
Diel cycle is of enormous biological importance as it imposes daily oscillation in environmental conditions, which temporally structures most ecosystems. Organisms developed biological time-keeping mechanisms – circadian clocks – that provide a significant fitness advantage over competitors by optimising the synchronisation of their biological activities. while circadian clocks are ubiquitous in eukaryotes, they are so far only characterised in Cyanobacteria within Prokaryotes. However, growing evidence suggests that circadian clocks are widespread in the bacterial and archaeal domains. As Prokaryotes are at the heart of crucial environmental processes and are essential to human health, unravelling their time-keeping systems provides numerous applications in medical research, environmental sciences, and biotechnology. in this review, we elaborate on how novel circadian clocks in Prokaryotes offer research and development perspectives. we compare and contrast the different circadian systems in Cyanobacteria and discuss about their evolution and taxonomic distribution. we necessarily provide an updated phylogenetic analysis of bacterial and archaeal species that harbour homologs of the main cyanobacterial clock components. Finally, we elaborate on new potential clock-controlled microorganisms that represent opportunities of ecological and industrial relevance in prokaryotic groups such as anoxygenic photosynthetic bacteria, methanogenic archaea, methanotrophs or sulphate-reducing bacteria.
Circadian clock; bacteria; archaea; kai genes; evolution
Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online
Critical Reviews in Microbiology