Article

Dimensions of Physical Activity Are Important in Managing Anxiety in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Details

Citation

Ofosu EF, de Nys L, Connelly J, Ryde GC & Whittaker AC (2023) Dimensions of Physical Activity Are Important in Managing Anxiety in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2022-0098

Abstract
Physical activity (PA) is a known approach for managing anxiety symptoms in older adults. This systematic review and meta-analysis address the benefits of PA and its dimensions (frequency, session time, type, and intervention period) on anxiety symptoms in older adults aged 65 years and above. Searches covered eight databases reporting eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and five non-RCTs. Meta-analysis of RCTs (standardized mean difference = −0.41; 95% confidence interval [−0.58, −0.24]; p < .00001) and Fisher’s method of combining p values for non-RCTs supported the effectiveness of PA for managing anxiety symptoms in older adults. Subgroup analysis revealed significant effects for all PA types, session times, frequency, and intervention periods compared with control groups, albeit with different magnitudes of effect. In conclusion, although some dimensions of PA contribute to its effectiveness for anxiety, PA intensity and mode required to maximize PA effects remain unclear.

Keywords
aging; intervention; intervention period; session time; PA frequency; PA type

Notes
Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online

Journal
Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

StatusIn Press
Publication date online24/03/2023
Date accepted by journal17/03/2023
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/35179
PublisherHuman Kinetics
ISSN1063-8652
eISSN1543-267X

People (4)

People

Dr Jenni Connelly
Dr Jenni Connelly

Senior Lecturer, Sport

Doctor Len De Nys
Doctor Len De Nys

PhD Researcher, Sport

Miss Esther Oyebola
Miss Esther Oyebola

Tutor, Sport

Professor Anna Whittaker
Professor Anna Whittaker

Professor of Behavioural Medicine, Sport