Article

Reducing patient delay in acute coronary syndrome: Randomized controlled trial testing effect of behaviour change intervention on intentions to seek help

Details

Citation

Farquharson B, Johnston M, Williams B, Smith K, Dombrowski S, Jones C, Treweek S, Dougall N, Grindle M, Savinc J & Abyhankar P (2022) Reducing patient delay in acute coronary syndrome: Randomized controlled trial testing effect of behaviour change intervention on intentions to seek help. British Journal of Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12619

Abstract
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a behaviour change intervention to reduce patient delay with symptoms of acute coronary syndrome. Design A 3-arm web-based, parallel randomized controlled trial. Methods The intervention comprised 12 behaviour change techniques (BCTs) embedded in a text-only or text+visual narrative (the techniques were systematically identified through systematic review and a consensus exercise). Between February and November 2017, n = 145 people who had recently experienced acute coronary syndrome were randomly allocated to intervention (‘text+visual’ or ‘text-only’) or control. Intentions to phone an ambulance immediately for acute coronary syndrome symptoms were assessed before and after the intervention using symptom scenarios, and the change in intention was compared across the three groups. Results Significant increases in intention to phone an ambulance immediately for ACS symptoms were seen following the ‘text+visual’ intervention but not following ‘text-only’ or control. However, the study was underpowered to detect any significant changes in intention between the 3 groups. There were no unintended effects on intentions for non-urgent symptoms. Conclusions A ‘text+visual’ BCT-based intervention may significantly increase intention to phone an ambulance with symptoms of ACS. Further testing of the effect of the intervention on actual behaviour is required.

Keywords
acute coronary syndrome; BCT; behaviour; behaviour change; cardiac; delay; intervention; patient delay

Notes
Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online

Journal
British Journal of Health Psychology

StatusIn Press
FundersChief Scientist Office
Publication date online31/08/2022
Date accepted by journal25/07/2022
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/34539
PublisherWiley
ISSN1359-107X
eISSN2044-8287

People (3)

People

Dr Purva Abhyankar
Dr Purva Abhyankar

Lecturer in Psychology, Health Sciences Stirling

Dr Stephan Dombrowski
Dr Stephan Dombrowski

Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Psychology

Dr Barbara Farquharson
Dr Barbara Farquharson

Senior Research Fellow, NMAHP

Research centres/groups