Article

Freshwater Macrophytes: A Potential Source of Minerals and Fatty Acids for Fish, Poultry, and Livestock

Details

Citation

Kumar G, Sharma J, Goswami RK, Shrivastav AK, Tocher DR, Kumar N & Chakrabarti R (2022) Freshwater Macrophytes: A Potential Source of Minerals and Fatty Acids for Fish, Poultry, and Livestock. Frontiers in Nutrition, 9, Art. No.: 869425. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2022.869425

Abstract
The freshwater macrophytes are abundant in tropical and subtropical climates. These macrophytes may be used as feed ingredients for fish and other animals. The nutritional value of twelve freshwater-cultured macrophytes was evaluated in the present study. Significantly higher crude protein (36.94–36.65%) and lipid (8.13–7.62%) were found in Lemna minor and Spirodela polyrhiza; ash content was significantly higher in Hydrilla verticillata, Wolffia globosa, and Pistia stratiotes (20.69–21.00%) compared with others. The highest levels of sodium, magnesium, chromium, and iron levels were recorded in P. stratiotes. H. verticillata was a rich source of copper, manganese, cobalt, and zinc; the contents of calcium, magnesium, strontium, and nickel were highest in S. polyrhiza. Selenium and potassium contents were higher in Salvinia natans and W. globosa, respectively. The n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) contents were significantly higher in W. globosa and Ipomoea aquatica, respectively compared with others. Linoleic and α-linolenic acids were dominant n-6 and n-3 PUFAs. The highest value (4.04) of n-3/n-6 was found in I. aquatica. The ratio ranged from 0.61 to 2.46 in other macrophytes. This study reveals that macrophytes are rich sources of minerals, n-6 and n-3 PUFAs.

Keywords
alpha-linolenic acid; linoleic acid; n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids; sodium; iron; freshwater macrophytes

Journal
Frontiers in Nutrition: Volume 9

StatusPublished
Publication date31/12/2022
Publication date online30/04/2022
Date accepted by journal14/03/2022
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/34350
PublisherFrontiers Media SA
eISSN2296-861X