Article

Electronic cigarettes versus nicotine patches for smoking cessation in pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial

Details

Citation

Hajek P, Przulj D, Pesola F, Griffiths C, Walton R, McRobbie H, Coleman T, Lewis S, Whitemore R, Clark M, Ussher M, Sinclair L, Seager E, Cooper S & Bauld L (2022) Electronic cigarettes versus nicotine patches for smoking cessation in pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial. Nature Medicine, 28 (5), pp. 958-964. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-022-01808-0

Abstract
Nicotine replacement therapy, in the form of nicotine patches, is commonly offered to pregnant women who smoke to help them to stop smoking, but this approach has limited efficacy in this population. Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are also used by pregnant women who smoke but their safety and efficacy in pregnancy are unknown. Here, we report the results of a randomized controlled trial in 1,140 participants comparing refillable e-cigarettes with nicotine patches. Pregnant women who smoked were randomized to e-cigarettes (n = 569) or nicotine patches (n = 571). In the unadjusted analysis of the primary outcome, validated prolonged quit rates at the end of pregnancy in the two study arms were not significantly different (6.8% versus 4.4% in the e-cigarette and patch arms, respectively; relative risk (RR) = 1.55, 95%CI: 0.95–2.53, P = 0.08). However, some participants in the nicotine patch group also used e-cigarettes during the study. In a pre-specified sensitivity analysis excluding abstinent participants who used non-allocated products, e-cigarettes were more effective than patches (6.8% versus 3.6%; RR = 1.93, 95%CI: 1.14–3.26, P = 0.02). Safety outcomes included adverse events and maternal and birth outcomes. The safety profile was found to be similar for both study products, however, low birthweight (

Keywords
Diseases; Medical research

Notes
Additional co-authors: Felix Naughton, Peter Sasieni, Isaac Manyonda & Katie Myers Smith

Journal
Nature Medicine: Volume 28, Issue 5

StatusPublished
Publication date31/05/2022
Publication date online31/05/2022
Date accepted by journal31/03/2022
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/34328
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
ISSN1078-8956
eISSN1546-170X

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People

Professor Michael Ussher
Professor Michael Ussher

Professor of Behavioural Medicine, Institute for Social Marketing