Article

Effects of replacing fishmeal with fermented and non-fermented rapeseed meal on the growth, immune and antioxidant responses of red sea bream (Pagrus major)

Details

Citation

Dossou S, Koshio S, Ishikawa M, Yokoyama S, El Basuini MF, Zaineldin AI, Mzengereza K, Moss A & Dawood MAO (2019) Effects of replacing fishmeal with fermented and non-fermented rapeseed meal on the growth, immune and antioxidant responses of red sea bream (Pagrus major). Aquaculture Nutrition, 25 (2), pp. 508-517. https://doi.org/10.1111/anu.12876

Abstract
The effect of rapeseed meal (RM) and Aspergillus oryzae fermented rapeseed meal (RM-Koji) on red sea bream (Pagrus major) was examined. Three groups of fish (initial weight, 4.5 ± 0.02 g) were fed a basal diet (RM0) and two test diets where half of fishmeal was replaced by RM (RM50) and RM-Koji (FRM50) for 56 days. The obtained results showed that fish fed RM0 and FRM50 exerted significantly higher growth performance, feed utilization and haemoglobin level but lower triglyceride and cholesterol than RM50 group (p < 0.05). Interestingly, except of antiprotease activity, all the immune parameters including lysozyme, respiratory burst (NBT) and bactericidal activities were significantly increased in fish fed RM0 and FRM50 diets compared to RM50 diet (p < 0.05). In addition, malondialdehyde and reactive oxygen metabolites were significantly reduced in RM0 and FRM50 groups over RM50 group (p < 0.05). The present results suggest that fermented RM induced better growth performance and immune responses than feeding red sea bream with non-fermented RM and both RM and RM-Koji improved the antioxidative status of fish, making RM-Koji an interesting candidate as a functional feed for aquatic animals.

Keywords
antioxidant enzymes; Aspergillus oryzae; fermentation; innate immune responses; Pagrus major; rapeseed meal

Journal
Aquaculture Nutrition: Volume 25, Issue 2

StatusPublished
Publication date30/04/2019
Publication date online31/12/2018
Date accepted by journal21/11/2018
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/34074
PublisherHindawi Limited
ISSN1353-5773
eISSN1365-2095

People (1)

People

Dr Amina Moss
Dr Amina Moss

Lecturer in Nutrition, Institute of Aquaculture