Supplementation of Nucleotides to Enhance Performance and Immune Responses of Asian Seabass



Hastuti SD, Munro J, Pyecroft S, Barton M, Costabile M & Glencross B (2021) Supplementation of Nucleotides to Enhance Performance and Immune Responses of Asian Seabass. Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences, 14 (4), pp. 621-628.

Supplementation of nucleotides into fish diets can be an alternative method to manage disease problems in aquaculture, since it was reported could improve the growth rate and immunity of some aquaculture species. The present study assessed the growth and immune performance of Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer Bloch 1790) after being fed diets containing different levels of a commercial nucleotide (Optimun®) and a purified mixture of nucleotides containing AMP (Adenosine monophosphate), IMP (Inosine monophosphate), UMP (Uridine monophosphate), GMP (Guanidine monophosphate) and CMP (Cytidine monophosphate) in equal amounts. Six nucleotide supplemented diets and a control diet were used in this study, namely O1 (Optimun® 0.25 %), O2 (Optimun® 0.5 %), O3 (Optimun® 0.75 %), P1 (0.25 % mixed pure nucleotides), P2 (0.5 % mixed pure nucleotides), P3 (0.75 % mixed pure nucleotide) and C (control/diet without nucleotide supplementation). The treatment diets were fed to juvenile Asian seabass (average initial weight of 13.19 g ± 0.58 g) at 3 % body weight per day for six weeks. The results showed that weight gain, total serum protein and globulin were significantly higher in fish fed diet P2 (0.5 % of a mix pure nucleotides) compared to the control group (P < 0.05). In comparison, leucocrit level and respiratory burst activity were increased significantly (P < 0.05) in fish fed diet O1 (0.25 % of Optimun®) and the highest hematocrit level (P < 0.05) occurred in diet P3 (0.75 % of mixed pure nucleotides). Nevertheless, specific growth rate, feed conversion ratio, lysozyme activity, albumin serum and survival rate were not affected by dietary nucleotides (P > 0.05). In conclusion, supplementation of nucleotides in Asian seabass diet may have positive effect on growth performance and immune response of the fish, while diet containing 0.5% of mixed pure nucleotides tend to have a better result compared to other diet groups.

Dietary nucleotides; Disease control; Growth rate; Fish immunity

Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences: Volume 14, Issue 4

Publication date31/12/2021
Date accepted by journal01/12/2021
Publisher URL…20Number%201.pdf

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Professor Brett Glencross
Professor Brett Glencross

Honorary Professor, Institute of Aquaculture