Article

A Self-Determination Theory Based Investigation of Life Skills Development in Youth Sport

Details

Citation

Cronin L, Ellison P, Allen J, Huntley E, Johnson L, Kosteli MC, Hollis A & Marchant D (2022) A Self-Determination Theory Based Investigation of Life Skills Development in Youth Sport. Journal of Sports Sciences, 40 (8), pp. 886-898. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2022.2028507

Abstract
This study investigated if basic need satisfaction and frustration mediated the associations between autonomy-supportive and controlling coaching behaviors and participants’ development of eight different life skills in youth sport. British sports participants (N = 309, Mage = 14.71) completed measures assessing the study variables. Correlational analyses showed that autonomy-supportive coaching behaviors were positively associated with the satisfaction of participants’ three basic needs (autonomy, competence, and relatedness) and their development of all eight life skills, whereas controlling coaching behaviors were only positively related to the frustration of participants’ three basic needs. Mediational analyses revealed that satisfaction of all three basic needs combined (total need satisfaction) mediated the associations between autonomy-supportive coaching behaviors and participants’ development of the eight life skills. Relatedness satisfaction mediated the associations between autonomy-supportive coaching behaviors and participants’ development of all eight life skills except for goal setting; autonomy satisfaction mediated the associations between autonomy-supportive coaching behaviors and participants’ time management skills; and competence satisfaction mediated the associations between autonomy-supportive coaching behaviors and participants’ goal setting and emotional skills. Based on such findings, coaches should look to display autonomy-supportive behaviors that help to satisfy participants’ three basic psychological needs and promote their life skills development in sport.

Keywords
psychosocial skills; self-determination theory; youth sport

Journal
Journal of Sports Sciences: Volume 40, Issue 8

StatusPublished
Publication date31/12/2022
Publication date online31/01/2022
Date accepted by journal07/01/2022
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/33867
ISSN0264-0414
eISSN1466-447X

People (1)

People

Dr Justine Allen
Dr Justine Allen

Senior Lecturer, Sport

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Research themes