Article

Variability of EEG electrode positions and their underlying brain regions: visualizing gel artifacts from a simultaneous EEG-fMRI dataset

Details

Citation

Scrivener C & Reader AT (2022) Variability of EEG electrode positions and their underlying brain regions: visualizing gel artifacts from a simultaneous EEG-fMRI dataset. Brain and Behavior, 12 (2), Art. No.: e2476. https://doi.org/10.1002/brb3.2476

Abstract
Introduction We investigated the between-subject variability of EEG (electroencephalography) electrode placement from a simultaneously recorded EEG-fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) dataset. Methods Neuro-navigation software was used to localize electrode positions, made possible by the gel artifacts present in the structural magnetic resonance images. To assess variation in the brain regions directly underneath electrodes we used MNI coordinates, their associated Brodmann areas, and labels from the Harvard-Oxford Cortical Atlas. We outline this relatively simple pipeline with accompanying analysis code. Results In a sample of 20 participants, the mean standard deviation of electrode placement was 3.94 mm in x, 5.55 mm in y, and 7.17 mm in z, with the largest variation in parietal and occipital electrodes. In addition, the brain regions covered by electrode pairs were not always consistent; for example, the mean location of electrode PO7 was mapped to BA18 (secondary visual cortex), whereas PO8 was closer to BA19 (visual association cortex). Further, electrode C1 was mapped to BA4 (primary motor cortex), whereas C2 was closer to BA6 (premotor cortex). Conclusions Overall, the results emphasize the variation in electrode positioning that can be found even in a fixed cap. This may be particularly important to consider when using EEG positioning systems to inform non-invasive neurostimulation.

Keywords
EEG-fMRI; electrode positions; EEG cap; gel artifact; TMS neuro-navigation

Journal
Brain and Behavior: Volume 12, Issue 2

StatusPublished
FundersUniversity of Edinburgh
Publication date28/02/2022
Publication date online18/01/2022
Date accepted by journal14/12/2021
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/33847
ISSN2162-3279
eISSN2157-9032

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Dr Arran Reader
Dr Arran Reader

Lecturer in Psychology, Psychology

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