Article

Oil shocks and equity returns during bull and bear markets: The case of oil importing and exporting nations

Citation

Ziadat SA, McMillan D & Herbst P (2022) Oil shocks and equity returns during bull and bear markets: The case of oil importing and exporting nations. Resources Policy, 75, Art. No.: 102461. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resourpol.2021.102461

Abstract
This paper examines the impact of oil price shocks on global equities. The focus is on the heterogeneity of responses to stocks depending on three characteristics: the type of the shock; whether the country is an oil importer/exporter; the bull/bear state of the stock market. We utilise the Kilian (2009) structural VAR to distil the oil price shocks and regress stock returns on these oil shocks using a quantile regression. In addition to oil price shocks, we consider the role of both economic policy uncertainty and stock market volatility. The results reveal that equity markets in oil-importing economies do not exhibit specific patterns in response to oil shocks, whereas those in oil-exporting economies are affected by precautionary oil demand shocks. Across these markets, precautionary demand shocks have a positive effect on stock markets, although for the GCC nations it predominantly impacts only during bear markets.

Keywords
Stock Returns; Oil Shocks; Quantile Regression; Oil-Importers/Exporters JEL Codes: C22; G12

Journal
Resources Policy: Volume 75

StatusPublished
Publication date31/03/2022
Publication date online30/11/2021
Date accepted by journal03/11/2021
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/33618
ISSN0301-4207