Application of the Rasch measurement framework to mammography positioning data



Whelehan P, Pampaka M, Boyd J, Armstrong S, Evans A & Ozakinci G (2021) Application of the Rasch measurement framework to mammography positioning data. Data in Brief, 38, Art. No.: 107387.

The purpose of this article is to provide raw data and measure-validation data pertaining to a co-submission published in European Journal of Radiology and entitled: Development and validation of a novel measure of adverse patient positioning in mammography. This Data in Brief article serves not only to provide greater detail than its companion article but also as an educational worked example of the Rasch measurement framework. Rasch measurement is a form of modern psychometric technique and our articles provide the first known example of its use in the evaluation of clinical radiological image quality. The data consist of observations of mammographic images, plus limited participant parameters relevant to the measure validation process. Also provided are validation indices produced by subjecting the primary data to Rasch analysis. An expert observer generated the primary data by reviewing mammographic images to judge the presence or absence of a set of features developed through theory and consultation with other experts. The validation data were generated through Rasch analysis, performed using Winsteps® software, which mathematically models the probability of having a correct response (or a present feature in this dataset) to an item in a given measurement instrument (e.g. questionnaire), as a function of the participant's ability/position on the underlying construct under study. The data can be reused by anyone wishing to learn and practice psychometric validation techniques. They can also form a basis for researchers wishing to build on our preliminary measure for the assessment of mammographic clinical image quality.

Mammography; Breast imaging; Clinical image quality; Rasch model; Measurement theory

Data in Brief: Volume 38

FundersUniversity of St Andrews
Publication date31/10/2021
Publication date online20/09/2021
Date accepted by journal15/09/2021

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Professor Gozde Ozakinci

Professor Gozde Ozakinci

Professor in Health Psychology, Psychology