Article

Coping strategies in individuals after traumatic brain injury: associations with health-related quality of life

Citation

Sasse N, Gibbons H, Wilson L, Martinez R, Sehmisch S, von Wild K & von Steinbüchel N (2014) Coping strategies in individuals after traumatic brain injury: associations with health-related quality of life. Disability and Rehabilitation, 36 (25), pp. 2152-2160. https://doi.org/10.3109/09638288.2014.893029

Abstract
Purpose: This study investigates coping strategies after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and their associations with health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Methods: Participants were 141 adults followed up 3 months to 15 years after TBI of all severity degrees. Coping was assessed by the Freiburg Questionnaire of Coping with Illness (FQCI) and HRQoL by the Quality of Life after Brain Injury (QOLIBRI) scale and the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36). Coping dimensions were extracted by principal component analysis. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to identify predictors of coping strategies. Results: Two factors for coping after TBI were extracted: Action/Distraction and Trivialisation/Resignation. The Trivialisation/Resignation strategy was negatively correlated with all aspects of HRQoL, while relationships with the Action/Distraction strategy were positive and significant for two domains. These two factors also showed significant associations with anxiety, depression, recovery, cognitive status, mood states and trauma severity. Multiple regression analysis identified recovery status as a predictor for the maladaptive Trivialisation/Resignation strategy. Conclusion: Two coping factors were identified, which were differentially associated with HRQoL. Maladaptive coping strategies play a particularly important role, and less reliance on such strategies is associated with better HRQoL; use of adaptive strategies should correspondingly be fostered.

Keywords
Coping with illness; health-related quality of life; traumatic brain injury

Journal
Disability and Rehabilitation: Volume 36, Issue 25

StatusPublished
Publication date31/12/2014
Publication date online31/03/2014
Date accepted by journal06/02/2014
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/33424
PublisherInforma UK Limited
ISSN0963-8288
eISSN1464-5165