Nogueira K, Chanussot J, Mura MD & Dos Santos JA (2021) An Introduction to Deep Morphological Networks. IEEE Access, 9, pp. 114308-114324. https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2021.3104405
Over the past decade, Convolutional Networks (ConvNets) have renewed the perspectives of the research and industrial communities. Although this deep learning technique may be composed of multiple layers, its core operation is the convolution, an important linear filtering process. Easy and fast to implement, convolutions actually play a major role, not only in ConvNets, but in digital image processing and analysis as a whole, being effective for several tasks. However, aside from convolutions, researchers also proposed and developed non-linear filters, such as operators provided by mathematical morphology. Even though these are not so computationally efficient as the linear filters, in general, they are able to capture different patterns and tackle distinct problems when compared to the convolutions. In this paper, we propose a new paradigm for deep networks where convolutions are replaced by non-linear morphological filters. Aside from performing the operation, the proposed Deep Morphological Network (DeepMorphNet) is also able to learn the morphological filters (and consequently the features) based on the input data. While this process raises challenging issues regarding training and actual implementation, the proposed DeepMorphNet proves to be able to extract features and solve problems that traditional architectures with standard convolution filters cannot.
Convolutional networks; deep learning; deep morphological networks; mathematical morphology
IEEE Access: Volume 9
|Publication date online||31/08/2021|
|Date accepted by journal||09/08/2021|
|Publisher||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)|