Article

Common variants in Alzheimer’s disease and risk stratification by polygenic risk scores

Citation

de Rojas I, Moreno-Grau S, Tesi N, Grenier-Boley B, Andrade V, Jansen IE, Pedersen NL, Stringa N, Zettergren A, Hernández I, Montrreal L, Antúnez C, Antonell A, Tankard RM & Phillips J (2021) Common variants in Alzheimer’s disease and risk stratification by polygenic risk scores. Nature Communications, 12, Art. No.: 3417. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-22491-8

Abstract
Genetic discoveries of Alzheimer’s disease are the drivers of our understanding, and together with polygenetic risk stratification can contribute towards planning of feasible and efficient preventive and curative clinical trials. We first perform a large genetic association study by merging all available case-control datasets and by-proxy study results (discovery n = 409,435 and validation size n = 58,190). Here, we add six variants associated with Alzheimer’s disease risk (near APP, CHRNE, PRKD3/NDUFAF7, PLCG2 and two exonic variants in the SHARPIN gene). Assessment of the polygenic risk score and stratifying by APOE reveal a 4 to 5.5 years difference in median age at onset of Alzheimer’s disease patients in APOE ɛ4 carriers. Because of this study, the underlying mechanisms of APP can be studied to refine the amyloid cascade and the polygenic risk score provides a tool to select individuals at high risk of Alzheimer’s disease.

Keywords
Cognitive ageing; Genomics; Risk factors

Notes
Additional co-authors: Joshua C. Bis, Rebecca Sims, Céline Bellenguez, Inés Quintela, Antonio González-Perez, Miguel Calero, Emilio Franco-Macías, Juan Macías, Rafael Blesa, Laura Cervera-Carles, Manuel Menéndez-González, Ana Frank-García, Jose Luís Royo, Fermin Moreno, Raquel Huerto Vilas, Miquel Baquero, Mónica Diez-Fairen, Carmen Lage, Sebastián García-Madrona, Pablo García-González, Emilio Alarcón-Martín, Sergi Valero, Oscar Sotolongo-Grau, Abbe Ullgren, Adam C. Naj, Afina W. Lemstra, Alba Benaque, Alba Pérez-Cordón, Alberto Benussi, Alberto Rábano, Alessandro Padovani, Alessio Squassina, Alexandre de Mendonça, Alfonso Arias Pastor, Almar A. L. Kok, Alun Meggy, Ana Belén Pastor, Ana Espinosa, Anaïs Corma-Gómez, Angel Martín Montes, Ángela Sanabria, Anita L. DeStefano, Anja Schneider, Annakaisa Haapasalo, Anne Kinhult Ståhlbom, Anne Tybjærg-Hansen, Annette M. Hartmann, Annika Spottke, Arturo Corbatón-Anchuelo, Arvid Rongve, Barbara Borroni, Beatrice Arosio, Benedetta Nacmias, Børge G. Nordestgaard, Brian W. Kunkle, Camille Charbonnier, Carla Abdelnour, Carlo Masullo, Carmen Martínez Rodríguez, Carmen Muñoz-Fernandez, Carole Dufouil, Caroline Graff, Catarina B. Ferreira, Caterina Chillotti, Chandra A. Reynolds, Chiara Fenoglio, Christine Van Broeckhoven, Christopher Clark, Claudia Pisanu, Claudia L. Satizabal, Clive Holmes, Dolores Buiza-Rueda, Dag Aarsland, Dan Rujescu, Daniel Alcolea, Daniela Galimberti, David Wallon, Davide Seripa, Edna Grünblatt, Efthimios Dardiotis, Emrah Düzel, Elio Scarpini, Elisa Conti, Elisa Rubino, Ellen Gelpi, Eloy Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Emmanuelle Duron, Eric Boerwinkle, Evelyn Ferri, Fabrizio Tagliavini, Fahri Küçükali, Florence Pasquier, Florentino Sanchez-Garcia, Francesca Mangialasche, Frank Jessen, Gaël Nicolas, Geir Selbæk, Gemma Ortega, Geneviève Chêne, Georgios Hadjigeorgiou, Giacomina Rossi, Gianfranco Spalletta, Giorgio Giaccone, Giulia Grande, Giuliano Binetti, Goran Papenberg, Harald Hampel, Henri Bailly, Henrik Zetterberg, Hilkka Soininen, Ida K. Karlsson, Ignacio Alvarez, Ildebrando Appollonio, Ina Giegling, Ingmar Skoog, Ingvild Saltvedt, Innocenzo Rainero, Irene Rosas Allende, Jakub Hort, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Jasper Van Dongen, Jean-Sebastien Vidal, Jenni Lehtisalo, Jens Wiltfang, Jesper Qvist Thomassen, Johannes Kornhuber, Jonathan L. Haines, Jonathan Vogelgsang, Juan A. Pineda, Juan Fortea, Julius Popp, Jürgen Deckert, Katharina Buerger, Kevin Morgan, Klaus Fließbach, Kristel Sleegers, Laura Molina-Porcel, Lena Kilander, Leonie Weinhold, Lindsay A. Farrer, Li-San Wang, Luca Kleineidam, Lucia Farotti, Lucilla Parnetti, Lucio Tremolizzo, Lucrezia Hausner, Luisa Benussi, Lutz Froelich, M. Arfan Ikram, M. Candida Deniz-Naranjo, Magda Tsolaki, Maitée Rosende-Roca, Malin Löwenmark, Marc Hulsman, Marco Spallazzi, Margaret A. Pericak-Vance, Margaret Esiri, María Bernal Sánchez-Arjona, Maria Carolina Dalmasso, María Teresa Martínez-Larrad, Marina Arcaro, Markus M. Nöthen, Marta Fernández-Fuertes, Martin Dichgans, Martin Ingelsson, Martin J. Herrmann, Martin Scherer, Martin Vyhnalek, Mary H. Kosmidis, Mary Yannakoulia, Matthias Schmid, Michael Ewers, Michael T. Heneka, Michael Wagner, Michela Scamosci, Miia Kivipelto, Mikko Hiltunen, Miren Zulaica, Montserrat Alegret, Myriam Fornage, Natalia Roberto, Natasja M. van Schoor, Nazib M. Seidu, Nerisa Banaj, Nicola J. Armstrong, Nikolaos Scarmeas, Norbert Scherbaum, Oliver Goldhardt, Oliver Hanon, Oliver Peters, Olivia Anna Skrobot, Olivier Quenez, Ondrej Lerch, Paola Bossù, Paolo Caffarra, Paolo Dionigi Rossi, Paraskevi Sakka, Per Hoffmann, Peter A. Holmans, Peter Fischer, Peter Riederer, Qiong Yang, Rachel Marshall, Rajesh N. Kalaria, Richard Mayeux, Rik Vandenberghe, Roberta Cecchetti, Roberta Ghidoni, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Sandro Sorbi, Sara Hägg, Sebastiaan Engelborghs, Seppo Helisalmi, Sigrid Botne Sando, Silke Kern, Silvana Archetti, Silvia Boschi, Silvia Fostinelli, Silvia Gil, Silvia Mendoza, Simon Mead, Simona Ciccone, Srdjan Djurovic, Stefanie Heilmann-Heimbach, Steffi Riedel-Heller, Teemu Kuulasmaa, Teodoro del Ser, Thibaud Lebouvier, Thomas Polak, Tiia Ngandu, Timo Grimmer, Valentina Bessi, Valentina Escott-Price, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Vincent Deramecourt, Wolfgang Maier, Xueqiu Jian, Yolande A. L. Pijnenburg, EADB contributors, The GR@ACE study group, DEGESCO consortium, IGAP (ADGC, CHARGE, EADI, GERAD), PGC-ALZ consortia, Patrick Gavin Kehoe, Guillermo Garcia-Ribas, Pascual Sánchez-Juan, Pau Pastor, Jordi Pérez-Tur, Gerard Piñol-Ripoll, Adolfo Lopez de Munain, Jose María García-Alberca, María J. Bullido, Victoria Álvarez, Alberto Lleó, Luis M. Real, Pablo Mir, Miguel Medina, Philip Scheltens, Henne Holstege, Marta Marquié, María Eugenia Sáez, Ángel Carracedo, Philippe Amouyel, Gerard D. Schellenberg, Julie Williams, Sudha Seshadri, Cornelia M. van Duijn, Karen A. Mather, Raquel Sánchez-Valle, Manuel Serrano-Ríos, Adelina Orellana, Lluís Tárraga, Kaj Blennow, Martijn Huisman, Ole A. Andreassen, Danielle Posthuma, Jordi Clarimón, Mercè Boada, Wiesje M. van der Flier, Alfredo Ramirez, Jean-Charles Lambert, Sven J. van der Lee & Agustín Ruiz

Journal
Nature Communications: Volume 12

StatusPublished
Publication date31/12/2021
Publication date online07/06/2021
Date accepted by journal17/03/2021
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/32897
eISSN2041-1723