Article

Exercise as a smoking cessation treatment for women: a randomized controlled trial

Details

Citation

Dunsiger S, Emerson JA, Ussher M, Marcus B, Miranda, Jr. R, Monti P & Williams D (2021) Exercise as a smoking cessation treatment for women: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 44 (6), pp. 794-802. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-021-00236-8

Abstract
Cigarette smoking remains the leading behavioral risk factor for chronic disease and premature mortality. This RCT tested the efficacy of moderate intensity aerobic exercise as an adjunctive smoking cessation treatment among women. Participants (N=105; age=42.5, SD=11.2) received brief smoking cessation counseling and 10 weeks of nicotine replacement therapy and were randomized to 12 weeks of moderate intensity exercise (Exercise; n=53) or 12 weeks of health education (Control; n=52). Longitudinal models, with Generalized Estimating Equations, showed no differences between Exercise and Control in cotinine-verified 7-day point prevalence abstinence (Wald=1.96, p=0.10) or continuous abstinence (Wald=1.45, p=0.23) at 12-weeks (post-treatment) or 6-, 9-, or 12-month follow-up, controlling for differences in baseline nicotine dependence. There was no effect of exercise on smoking cessation. The present study adds to the literature suggesting null effects of exercise a smoking cessation adjunctive treatment despite promising findings in short-term laboratory based studies.

Keywords
Exercise; physical activity; smoking cessation; nicotine replacement; women

Journal
Journal of Behavioral Medicine: Volume 44, Issue 6

StatusPublished
Publication date31/12/2021
Publication date online31/07/2021
Date accepted by journal06/06/2021
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/32672
ISSN0160-7715
eISSN1573-3521

People (1)

People

Professor Michael Ussher
Professor Michael Ussher

Professor of Behavioural Medicine, Institute for Social Marketing