Article

Intra-specific variation in phenology offers resilience to climate change for Eriophorum vaginatum

Details

Citation

Parker TC, Unger SL, Moody ML, Tang J & Fetcher N (2021) Intra-specific variation in phenology offers resilience to climate change for Eriophorum vaginatum. Arctic Science. https://doi.org/10.1139/as-2020-0039

Abstract
Phenology of arctic plants is an important determinant of the pattern of carbon uptake and may be highly sensitive to continued rapid climate change. Eriophorum vaginatum has a disproportionate influence over ecosystem processes in moist acidic tundra, but it is unclear whether its growth and phenology will remain competitive in the future. We asked whether northern tundra ecotypes of E. vaginatum could extend their growing season in response to direct warming and transplanting into southern ecosystems. At the same time, we asked whether southern ecotypes could adjust their growth patterns in order to thrive further north, should they disperse quickly enough. Detailed phenology measurements across three reciprocal transplant gardens and two years showed that some northern ecotypes were capable of growing for longer when conditions were favourable, but their biomass and growing season length was still shorter than the southern ecotype. Southern ecotypes retained large leaf length when transplanted north and mirrored the growing season length better than the others, mainly due to immediate green-up after snowmelt. All ecotypes retained the same senescence timing, regardless of environment, indicating a strong genetic control. E. vaginatum may remain competitive in a warming world if southern ecotypes can migrate north.

Keywords
Phenology; Tundra; Eriophorum vaginatum; Ecotype; Climate Change

Notes
Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online

Journal
Arctic Science

StatusIn Press
FundersNational Science Foundation
Publication date online19/05/2021
Date accepted by journal28/01/2021
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/32622
PublisherCanadian Science Publishing
eISSN1365-2079

People (1)

People

Dr Tom Parker
Dr Tom Parker

Research Fellow, Biological and Environmental Sciences

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